Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells

K. M. Muradov, D. R. Davies

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Long (horizontal) completion intervals typically show a wide variation in the inflow distribution along their length due to either formation heterogeneity or (frictional) flow pressure losses. Monitoring of the inflow profiles in such wells is an important step in efficient reservoir management. Accurate temperature measurements (using distributed temperature sensors, permanent downhole gauges or other forms of production logging) have become more widely available in recent years. Many published papers describe temperature sensing and its phenomenological interpretation; but few attempts have been made recently to develop a comprehensive mathematical basis for the analysis of downhole temperature behaviour. This paper presents a holistic, analytical, mathematical model for calculation of the temperature profile in horizontal wells producing liquids for reservoirs where thermal recovery methods are not being employed. The model presented in this paper rigorously accounts for (1) the Joule-Thomson effect, (2) convection, (3) transient fluid expansion and (4) time-dependent heat loss to the surrounding layers. A synthetic horizontal well model has been built using a commercial, scientific simulator as a test-bed to provide the data to allow a rigorous evaluation of the efficacy of our novel analytical methods. Asymptotic, analytical solutions have also been found for transient and steady-state flow. It has also been found possible, in addition to these constant flow rate solutions, to apply the well known pressure analysis solution techniques for the estimation of (1) thermal properties and (2) inflow profiling. The methods proposed here can be applied to a wide variety of well completion types, flow conditions and system properties. They form the basis for the calculation of oil and water flow phase cuts and distributions based purely on temperature measurements. Their use will further increase the potential applications of the modern downhole monitoring and control capabilities currently being installed in wells. As such, they will form an essential element of the "digital oil field". © 2010, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSociety of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010
Pages1185-1199
Number of pages15
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event72nd EAGE Conference & Exhibition - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 14 Jun 201017 Jun 2010

Conference

Conference72nd EAGE Conference & Exhibition
Abbreviated titleSPE EUROPEC 2010
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period14/06/1017/06/10

Fingerprint

Horizontal wells
Temperature measurement
Well completion
Reservoir management
Monitoring
Temperature sensors
Oil fields
Heat losses
Temperature
Gages
Thermodynamic properties
Crude oil
Simulators
Flow rate
Mathematical models
Engineers
Recovery
Fluids
Liquids
Water

Cite this

Muradov, K. M., & Davies, D. R. (2010). Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010 (Vol. 2, pp. 1185-1199)
Muradov, K. M. ; Davies, D. R. / Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells. Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010. Vol. 2 2010. pp. 1185-1199
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abstract = "Long (horizontal) completion intervals typically show a wide variation in the inflow distribution along their length due to either formation heterogeneity or (frictional) flow pressure losses. Monitoring of the inflow profiles in such wells is an important step in efficient reservoir management. Accurate temperature measurements (using distributed temperature sensors, permanent downhole gauges or other forms of production logging) have become more widely available in recent years. Many published papers describe temperature sensing and its phenomenological interpretation; but few attempts have been made recently to develop a comprehensive mathematical basis for the analysis of downhole temperature behaviour. This paper presents a holistic, analytical, mathematical model for calculation of the temperature profile in horizontal wells producing liquids for reservoirs where thermal recovery methods are not being employed. The model presented in this paper rigorously accounts for (1) the Joule-Thomson effect, (2) convection, (3) transient fluid expansion and (4) time-dependent heat loss to the surrounding layers. A synthetic horizontal well model has been built using a commercial, scientific simulator as a test-bed to provide the data to allow a rigorous evaluation of the efficacy of our novel analytical methods. Asymptotic, analytical solutions have also been found for transient and steady-state flow. It has also been found possible, in addition to these constant flow rate solutions, to apply the well known pressure analysis solution techniques for the estimation of (1) thermal properties and (2) inflow profiling. The methods proposed here can be applied to a wide variety of well completion types, flow conditions and system properties. They form the basis for the calculation of oil and water flow phase cuts and distributions based purely on temperature measurements. Their use will further increase the potential applications of the modern downhole monitoring and control capabilities currently being installed in wells. As such, they will form an essential element of the {"}digital oil field{"}. {\circledC} 2010, Society of Petroleum Engineers.",
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Muradov, KM & Davies, DR 2010, Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells. in Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010. vol. 2, pp. 1185-1199, 72nd EAGE Conference & Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, 14/06/10.

Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells. / Muradov, K. M.; Davies, D. R.

Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010. Vol. 2 2010. p. 1185-1199.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Davies, D. R.

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N2 - Long (horizontal) completion intervals typically show a wide variation in the inflow distribution along their length due to either formation heterogeneity or (frictional) flow pressure losses. Monitoring of the inflow profiles in such wells is an important step in efficient reservoir management. Accurate temperature measurements (using distributed temperature sensors, permanent downhole gauges or other forms of production logging) have become more widely available in recent years. Many published papers describe temperature sensing and its phenomenological interpretation; but few attempts have been made recently to develop a comprehensive mathematical basis for the analysis of downhole temperature behaviour. This paper presents a holistic, analytical, mathematical model for calculation of the temperature profile in horizontal wells producing liquids for reservoirs where thermal recovery methods are not being employed. The model presented in this paper rigorously accounts for (1) the Joule-Thomson effect, (2) convection, (3) transient fluid expansion and (4) time-dependent heat loss to the surrounding layers. A synthetic horizontal well model has been built using a commercial, scientific simulator as a test-bed to provide the data to allow a rigorous evaluation of the efficacy of our novel analytical methods. Asymptotic, analytical solutions have also been found for transient and steady-state flow. It has also been found possible, in addition to these constant flow rate solutions, to apply the well known pressure analysis solution techniques for the estimation of (1) thermal properties and (2) inflow profiling. The methods proposed here can be applied to a wide variety of well completion types, flow conditions and system properties. They form the basis for the calculation of oil and water flow phase cuts and distributions based purely on temperature measurements. Their use will further increase the potential applications of the modern downhole monitoring and control capabilities currently being installed in wells. As such, they will form an essential element of the "digital oil field". © 2010, Society of Petroleum Engineers.

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BT - Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010

ER -

Muradov KM, Davies DR. Novel analytical methods of temperature interpretation in horizontal wells. In Society of Petroleum Engineers - 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010 - Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010. Vol. 2. 2010. p. 1185-1199