Nonlinear tide-surge-wave interaction at a shallow coast with large scale sequential harbor constructions

Honglin Song, Cuiping Kuang, Jie Gu, Qingping Zou, Huidi Liang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhen Ma

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23 Citations (Scopus)
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The southwestern part of Bohai Bay in northeastern China is a shallow-water coast with a long fetch for water to pile up to produce large storm surge under strong wind action during the extreme weather condition. In addition, the coastline along the bay has experienced significant environmental impacts from large scale harbor constructions in the past two decades. Consequently, there is a pressing need to better understand the effects of two local large scale sequential harbor constructions on storm surge and coastal vulnerability in the bay area. The extreme cold front weather on 10-13th October 2003 caused a 1.31 billion Yuan damage. A two-way coupled tide-surge-wave Delft3D model is used to investigate the impact of the harbor constructions from 2003 to 2016 on the interaction of tide, storm surge and wave during a storm like that. The wind field by the newly-released global reanalysis wind product ERA5 of European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) has been improved by assimilation with field observations at a higher resolution than previous version and is used to drive the tide, surge and wave modelling framework. The model results indicate that the storm surge in the study area is dominated by the wind-induced surge before and after the constructions whereas the maximum contribution from wave-induced surge (wave setup) is increased from 5%-15% to 8%–20% by the harbor constructions between 2003 and 2016. It is found that semi-diurnal modulation of storm surge is generated by nonlinear tide-surge interaction, which is mainly attributed to local tidal acceleration in the offshore zone and bottom stress in the nearshore zone respectively. The harbor constructions affect the coastal storm surge mainly through nonlinear tide-surge-wave interaction. In addition, the quarter-diurnal variation of storm surge induced by the harbor constructions is due to the influences of the harbor constructions on the local quarter-diurnal tidal constituents and their modulation of wave momentum transfer to coastal circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106543
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Early online date14 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - 5 Feb 2020


  • Delft3D
  • Harbor construction
  • Nonlinear dynamics
  • Storm surge
  • Tide-surge-wave interaction
  • Wave-induced surge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science


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