Non-linear and Non-local Behaviour in Spontaneously Electrical Solids

Maksymilian Roman, Skandar Taj, Maciej Gutowski, Martin R. S. McCoustra, Aimee Dunn, Zibo Goabaone Keolopile, Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Andrew M. Cassidy, David Field

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Abstract

We show that solids displaying spontaneous dipole orientation possess quite general non-local and non-linear characteristics, exemplified through their internal electric fields. The most graphic illustration of this, uncovered originally through electron beam studies, may be found in films of cis-methyl formate (cis-MF), for which data demonstrated the counter-intuitive property that the degree of dipole order in the film does not monotonically decrease as the temperature of deposition rises, but rather increases sharply above 75 to 77 K. Here we show how the independent method of reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) yields results which bear out this conclusion. These new data confirm (i) that the behaviour of spontelectrics is governed by an expression for the degree of dipole orientation, which is continuous in temperature, but with a discontinuity in the derivative, and (ii) that the temperature of deposition associated with this discontinuity matches the temperature above which dipole order switches from the expected reduction with temperature to an increase with temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5112-5116
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume20
Issue number7
Early online date26 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2018

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    Roman, M., Taj, S., Gutowski, M., McCoustra, M. R. S., Dunn, A., Keolopile, Z. G., Rosu-Finsen, A., Cassidy, A. M., & Field, D. (2018). Non-linear and Non-local Behaviour in Spontaneously Electrical Solids. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 20(7), 5112-5116. https://doi.org/10.1039/C7CP08489G