New bacterial fish pathogens and their implications for fish farming

B. Austin, D. McIntosh

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

    Abstract

    A diverse array of bacterial taxa has been implicated as pathogens of farmed and wild fish. Recent trends indicate the emergence of many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, particularly those classified in the families Aeromonadaceae and Vibrionaceae (namely Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia, A. sobria, Shewanella putrefaciens, Vibriofischeri, V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus), Enterobacteriaceae (i.e. Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella arizonae, Serratia liquefaciens and Ser. plymuthica) and Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas putida), the yellow/orange-pigmented rods, which are difficult to identify, i.e. Cytophaga-like bacteria, Flavobacterium branchiophilum and Flexibacter maritimus, and miscellaneous taxa including Alcaligenes cupidus and groups loosely associated with Brucella and Moraxella. Comparatively fewer Gram-positive taxa (Lactococcus piscium, Nocardia seriolae, Planococcus sp. and Vagococcus salmoninarum) have been implicated as new fish pathogens. In addition, a role for cell wall defective/deficient bacteria, encompassing Mycoplasma mobile and L-forms, is becoming increasingly apparent. Of the emerging pathogens, Cit. freundii, Cytophagalike bacteria, Fla. branchiophilum, Fle. maritimus, Ser. liquefaciens, Ser. plymuthica, She. putrefaciens, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus are likely to be troublesome for aquaculture.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)230-236
    Number of pages7
    JournalReviews in Medical Microbiology
    Volume2
    Issue number4
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Fingerprint

    fish culture
    Flavobacterium branchiophilum
    Shewanella putrefaciens
    Citrobacter freundii
    pathogens
    Halomonas cupida
    fish
    Mycoplasma mobile
    Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae
    Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia
    Vagococcus salmoninarum
    Planococcus (bacteria)
    Lactococcus piscium
    Aeromonadaceae
    Nocardia seriolae
    bacteria
    Pseudomonadaceae
    Flexibacter
    Aeromonas sobria
    Vibrionaceae

    Cite this

    Austin, B. ; McIntosh, D. / New bacterial fish pathogens and their implications for fish farming. In: Reviews in Medical Microbiology. 1991 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 230-236.
    @article{8ab2a255086246a0a6d978dafda355e9,
    title = "New bacterial fish pathogens and their implications for fish farming",
    abstract = "A diverse array of bacterial taxa has been implicated as pathogens of farmed and wild fish. Recent trends indicate the emergence of many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, particularly those classified in the families Aeromonadaceae and Vibrionaceae (namely Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia, A. sobria, Shewanella putrefaciens, Vibriofischeri, V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus), Enterobacteriaceae (i.e. Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella arizonae, Serratia liquefaciens and Ser. plymuthica) and Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas putida), the yellow/orange-pigmented rods, which are difficult to identify, i.e. Cytophaga-like bacteria, Flavobacterium branchiophilum and Flexibacter maritimus, and miscellaneous taxa including Alcaligenes cupidus and groups loosely associated with Brucella and Moraxella. Comparatively fewer Gram-positive taxa (Lactococcus piscium, Nocardia seriolae, Planococcus sp. and Vagococcus salmoninarum) have been implicated as new fish pathogens. In addition, a role for cell wall defective/deficient bacteria, encompassing Mycoplasma mobile and L-forms, is becoming increasingly apparent. Of the emerging pathogens, Cit. freundii, Cytophagalike bacteria, Fla. branchiophilum, Fle. maritimus, Ser. liquefaciens, Ser. plymuthica, She. putrefaciens, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus are likely to be troublesome for aquaculture.",
    author = "B. Austin and D. McIntosh",
    year = "1991",
    language = "English",
    volume = "2",
    pages = "230--236",
    journal = "Reviews in Medical Microbiology",
    issn = "0954-139X",
    publisher = "Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins",
    number = "4",

    }

    New bacterial fish pathogens and their implications for fish farming. / Austin, B.; McIntosh, D.

    In: Reviews in Medical Microbiology, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1991, p. 230-236.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - New bacterial fish pathogens and their implications for fish farming

    AU - Austin, B.

    AU - McIntosh, D.

    PY - 1991

    Y1 - 1991

    N2 - A diverse array of bacterial taxa has been implicated as pathogens of farmed and wild fish. Recent trends indicate the emergence of many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, particularly those classified in the families Aeromonadaceae and Vibrionaceae (namely Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia, A. sobria, Shewanella putrefaciens, Vibriofischeri, V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus), Enterobacteriaceae (i.e. Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella arizonae, Serratia liquefaciens and Ser. plymuthica) and Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas putida), the yellow/orange-pigmented rods, which are difficult to identify, i.e. Cytophaga-like bacteria, Flavobacterium branchiophilum and Flexibacter maritimus, and miscellaneous taxa including Alcaligenes cupidus and groups loosely associated with Brucella and Moraxella. Comparatively fewer Gram-positive taxa (Lactococcus piscium, Nocardia seriolae, Planococcus sp. and Vagococcus salmoninarum) have been implicated as new fish pathogens. In addition, a role for cell wall defective/deficient bacteria, encompassing Mycoplasma mobile and L-forms, is becoming increasingly apparent. Of the emerging pathogens, Cit. freundii, Cytophagalike bacteria, Fla. branchiophilum, Fle. maritimus, Ser. liquefaciens, Ser. plymuthica, She. putrefaciens, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus are likely to be troublesome for aquaculture.

    AB - A diverse array of bacterial taxa has been implicated as pathogens of farmed and wild fish. Recent trends indicate the emergence of many Gram-negative bacterial pathogens, particularly those classified in the families Aeromonadaceae and Vibrionaceae (namely Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. smithia, A. sobria, Shewanella putrefaciens, Vibriofischeri, V. harveyi, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus), Enterobacteriaceae (i.e. Citrobacter freundii, Salmonella arizonae, Serratia liquefaciens and Ser. plymuthica) and Pseudomonadaceae (Pseudomonas putida), the yellow/orange-pigmented rods, which are difficult to identify, i.e. Cytophaga-like bacteria, Flavobacterium branchiophilum and Flexibacter maritimus, and miscellaneous taxa including Alcaligenes cupidus and groups loosely associated with Brucella and Moraxella. Comparatively fewer Gram-positive taxa (Lactococcus piscium, Nocardia seriolae, Planococcus sp. and Vagococcus salmoninarum) have been implicated as new fish pathogens. In addition, a role for cell wall defective/deficient bacteria, encompassing Mycoplasma mobile and L-forms, is becoming increasingly apparent. Of the emerging pathogens, Cit. freundii, Cytophagalike bacteria, Fla. branchiophilum, Fle. maritimus, Ser. liquefaciens, Ser. plymuthica, She. putrefaciens, V. parahaemolyticus, V. salmonicida and V. splendidus are likely to be troublesome for aquaculture.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025822812&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    M3 - Literature review

    VL - 2

    SP - 230

    EP - 236

    JO - Reviews in Medical Microbiology

    JF - Reviews in Medical Microbiology

    SN - 0954-139X

    IS - 4

    ER -