New approaches to characterisation of textile materials using environmental scanning electron microscope

Q. F. Wei, X. Q. Wang, R. R. Mather, A. F. Fotheringham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Textile materials are designed to create the microstructure that gives the final product its characteristic properties for a wide range of applications. It is of importance to understand how a particular structure is engineered, and, therefore, how it relates to the properties of the product in textile science and engineering. In this paper, we highlight the application of the environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) to characterise the surface, interface and dynamic properties of textile materials. The ESEM has the ability to image at relatively low vacuum compared to a standard SEM, thus enabling observations on non-conducting materials without the need for carbon or gold coating. The ESEM is also regarded as a micro-dynamic experimentation chamber where materials can be examined at a range of pressures, temperatures, and in a variety of gases/fluids. The ability of the ESEM to follow dynamic events will give new insight into the kinetics of structure formation, rearrangement, or breakdown that are importantfor the processing and product development of textile materials. The ESEM has proven to be a powerful analytical tool for the study of textile materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalFibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

Keywords

  • Dynamic process
  • Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM)Textiles
  • Imaging

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