The effects of bullet vehicle crash impact angle, child restraint system design, and restraint harness slack at side impact speed of 32.2 km/h (20 mph) on moments sustained at the neck by a three-year-old child are investigated. Mathematical models are built using the response surface method based on simulation results whereby good fitness is achieved. The singular and cross interactive effect of each predictor on the neck moment are analyzed. The number of significant parameters affecting the neck moment is shown to be the largest for wide impact angles (φ ≥ 60 °) and the impact angle parameter is largely revealed to be the most sensitive. An ideal safe range for low neck moment has been established to be within φ angles 45° and 65°. It is further shown that the nature of all parameters effect on the neck moment is highly dependent on the impact angle range.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Automotive Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications