Nanosecond-laser postprocessing of millisecond-laser-machined zirconia (Y-TZP) surfaces

Jonathan P. Parry, Jonathan D. Shephard, Fraser C. Dear, Nick Jones, Nick Weston, Duncan P. Hand

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Millisecond-pulsed Nd:YAG laser systems can be used for high-speed cutting of ceramics, due to the high average power available. However, due to the relatively long pulse duration (0.3-5 ms), millisecond laser-machining is predominantly a thermal, melt-eject process. The quality of the finished surface is limited by a redeposited melt and a heat-affected zone, in particular surface cracking. Shorter pulse duration lasers can provide a better surface finish but with a significantly longer processing time. This paper presents a method of improving the finish of millisecond-machined yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal surfaces by postprocessing with a nanosecond-pulsed laser. Nanosecond machining was carried out directly onto the as-cut surface produced after millisecond processing, yielding a dramatic improvement of the surface finish in a relatively short time. © 2008 American Ceramic Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-257
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2008


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