Nano-Optical Studies of Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors

John A. O'Connor, Paul A. Dalgarno, Michael G. Tanner, Richard J. Warburton, Robert H. Hadfield, Burm Baek, Sae Woo Nam, Shigehito Miki, Zhen Wang, Masahide Sasaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Single-photon detectors based upon superconducting nanowires offer single-photon sensitivity from the visible well into the infrared, encompassing the crucial telecommunication wavelengths. In addition they benefit from low dark counts (Hz) and low timing jitter (sub 100 ps). These detectors have recently been employed in photon-counting applications such as quantum cryptography and characterization of quantum emitters. Key challenges in the development of this emerging single-photon detector technology are improving device uniformity and improving optical coupling efficiency. We report on photoresponse mapping of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors using nano-optical techniques. The device is mounted on a high resolution translation stage and illuminated with a focal spot significantly smaller than the device area (20 μm x 20 μm). Using a confocal microscope configuration, we achieve a diffraction limited spot size of 800 nm at λ = 950 nm. We have previously shown that uniform (high detection efficiency) and constricted (low efficiency) nanowire devices give contrasting photoresponse signatures - a broad plateau response across the whole device and a single point response respectively. Recent work on purposely-designed low fill-factor devices (100 nm linewidth, 1 mm period) has allowed us to resolve individual 100 nm width wires.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationQuantum Communication and Quantum Networking. QuantumComm 2009
EditorsA. Sergienko, S. Pascazio, P. Villoresi
PublisherSpringer
Pages158-166
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9783642117312
ISBN (Print)9783642117305
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event1st International Conference on Quantum Communication and Quantum Networking 2009 - Naples, Italy
Duration: 26 Oct 200930 Oct 2009

Publication series

NameLecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering
Volume36
ISSN (Print)1867-8211
ISSN (Electronic)1867-822X

Conference

Conference1st International Conference on Quantum Communication and Quantum Networking 2009
Abbreviated titleQuantumComm 2009
CountryItaly
CityNaples
Period26/10/0930/10/09

Keywords

  • SNSPD
  • SSPD
  • Superconducting nanowire single photon detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications

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    O'Connor, J. A., Dalgarno, P. A., Tanner, M. G., Warburton, R. J., Hadfield, R. H., Baek, B., Nam, S. W., Miki, S., Wang, Z., & Sasaki, M. (2010). Nano-Optical Studies of Superconducting Nanowire Single Photon Detectors. In A. Sergienko, S. Pascazio, & P. Villoresi (Eds.), Quantum Communication and Quantum Networking. QuantumComm 2009 (pp. 158-166). (Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering; Vol. 36). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-11731-2_20