Munc18-1 and syntaxin1: unraveling the interactions between the dynamic duo

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Abstract

All neurotransmitter and hormone regulated secretory events involve the action of three soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins, syntaxin, SNAP-25, and synaptobrevin. The SNARE proteins interact to form a four alpha-helical complex, involving syntaxin and SNAP-25 on the plasma membrane and synaptobrevin on the vesicular membrane, bringing the opposing membranes together, promoting bilayer merger and membrane fusion. The process of regulated secretion is an adaptation of the membrane fusion events which occur at multiple steps throughout the intracellular trafficking pathway, in each case catalyzed by SNARE protein isoforms. At all of these locations, the SNAREs are joined by a member of the Sec1p/Munc18 (SM) protein family which selectively bind to syntaxin isoforms. From their initial identification, the SM proteins were known to be essential for membrane fusion, however, over the intervening decades, deciphering the precise mechanism of action of the SM proteins has proved problematic. Recent studies, investigating the interactions of munc18-1 and syntaxin1, provide an explanation for previous, apparently conflicting, observations yielding a new understanding of their cellular functions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1309-13
Number of pages5
JournalCellular and Molecular Neurobiology
Volume30
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Models, Molecular
  • Munc18
  • Protein Binding
  • Syntaxin 1
  • Exocytosis
  • SNARE

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