Multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness are associated with facets of body image in British adults

Jennifer Todd, Jane E. Aspell, David Barron, Viren Swami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Previous research has identified a relationship between interoception and body image, where lower interoceptive awareness (IA) is associated with negative body image. However, relationships between facets of interoception and positive body image remain unexplored, and men and older adults remain underrepresented. To overcome these limitations, we assessed relationships between multiple dimensions of interoceptive awareness (IA) and multiple facets of body image in community adults. An online sample of 646 British adults (447 women) aged 18-76 years completed the Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), the Body Appreciation Scale-2, the Functionality Appreciation Scale, the Authentic Pride subscale from the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale, and the Appearance Orientation and Overweight Preoccupation subscales from the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire. Hierarchical regressions revealed significant predictive relationships between IA and all five facets of body image after controlling for sex, body mass index, and age. In the final models, the MAIA subscales emerged as significant predictors for at least one facet of body image, with the exception of the MAIA Body Listening subscale. These findings extend previous work by demonstrating significant relationships between IA and previously unexplored facets of body image, which may hold promise for practitioner-based interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-16
Number of pages11
JournalBody Image
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Awareness/physiology
  • Body Image/psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interoception/physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United Kingdom
  • Young Adult


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