Multichannel superposition of grafted perfect vortex beams

Hammad Ahmed, Yuttana Intaravanne, Yang Ming, Muhammad Afnan Ansari, Gerald Stuart Buller, Thomas Zentgraf, Xianzhong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Inspired by plant grafting, grafted vortex beams can be formed through grafting two or more helical phase profiles of optical vortex beams. Recently, grafted perfect vortex beams (GPVBs) have attracted much attention due to their unique optical properties and potential applications. However, the current method to generate and manipulate GPVBs requires a complex and bulky optical system, hindering further investigation and limiting its practical applications. Here, we propose and demonstrate a compact metasurface approach for generating and manipulating GPVBs in multiple channels which eliminates the need for such a complex optical setup. For the first time, a single metasurface is utilized to realize various superpositions of GPVBs with different combinations of topological charges in four channels, leading to asymmetric singularity distributions. The positions of singularities in the superimposed beam can be further modulated by introducing an initial phase difference in the metasurface design. Our work demonstrates a compact metasurface platform that performs a sophisticated optical task that is very challenging with conventional optics, opening opportunities for the investigation and applications of GPVBs in a wide range of emerging application areas such as singular optics and quantum science.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvanced Materials
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 May 2022

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