Multi-Functional PV Inverter With Low Voltage Ride-Through and Constant Power Output

Muhammad Talha, Siti Rohani Sheikh Raihan*, Nasrudin Abd Rahim, Muhammad Naveed Akhtar, Osama Majeed Butt, Muhammad Hussain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
25 Downloads (Pure)


Renewable photovoltaic (PV) energy is a primary contributor to sustainable power generation in microgrids. However, PV grid-tied generators remain functional as long as the grid voltage and the input PV source remain normal. Abnormal conditions like transient grid sags or solar irradiation flickering can make the grid-tied inverter go offline. Simultaneous shut down of PV generators residing in the distribution grid may lead to an overall grid instability or outage. Therefore, PV generators must be equipped with fault-ride-through mechanisms in order to remain connected and operational during faults. This paper presents a PV-inverter with low-voltage-ride-through (LVRT) and low-irradiation (LR) compensation to avoid grid flickers. The single-phase inverter rides through the voltage sags while injecting reactive power into the grid. The proposed control strategy ensures a steady DC-link voltage and remains connected to the grid during AC-side low voltage and DC-side low-irradiation faults. Unlike other PV inverters, the controller maintains the maximum-power-point-tracking (MPPT) in all conditions. LVRT, constant power output, and robust MPPT are the noticeable features of the proposed system. Frequency analysis, simulations, and a laboratory prototype validate the proposed control strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29567-29588
Number of pages22
JournalIEEE Access
Early online date11 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022


  • Microgrid
  • PV inverter
  • LVRT
  • MPPT
  • constant power output

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Computer Science(all)


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