The first successful dye-fills of Schwann cells around the split giant axon of Loligo show them to be spindle-shaped cells ca. 600 microns long and 20 microns wide lying parallel to the axonal axis. There are some 50,000 Schwann cells per cm2 of axonal membrane. Only a small part (ca. 6% of each Schwann cell membrane) is in contact with the periaxonal space, the remainder is overlain by adjacent Schwann cells, or applied to the basal lamina. The mean membrane potential of the Schwann cells in artificial seawater (ASW) varies from around -40 mV in fresh split-axon preparations to around -60 to -70 mV after 1-2 h; this hyperpolarization is not seen in preparations dissected and maintained in Ca2+-free ASW. Electrical- and dye-coupling (abolished by prior octanol treatment) is present between Schwann cells, but is weaker in cells with lower (less negative) membrane potentials. The implications for potassium homeostasis around the axon are briefly discussed.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Mar 1991|
- Cell Communication
- Membrane Potentials
- Schwann Cells/cytology