One hundred and twenty-six strains of Bacillus thuringiensis representing 57 serovars were allocated to 58 genomic types using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR patterns. Serovars darmstadiensis, israelensis, kenyae, kumamotoensis, kurstaki, morrisoni, pakistani, sotto, thuringiensis and volworthi each encompassed identical or closely related strains. Despite this genomic homogeneity, most of these serovars also included at least one variant strain. Serovars aizawai, canadensis, entomocidus and sotto biotype dendrolimus, on the other hand, were genomically heterogeneous. Of the 57 serovars examined, 31 contained at least one strain with a closely related or identical RAPD pattern to a strain from a different serovar. We conclude that while the species is genomically diverse, the homogeneous serovars represent clonal lineages of successful insect pathogens.
- Bacillus thuringiensis