Modified amino acids and peptides as substrates for the intestinal peptide transporter PepT1

David Meredith, Catherine S. Temple, Nishan Guha, Corinna J. Sword, C. A R Boyd, Ian D. Collier, Keith M. Morgan, Patrick D. Bailey

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70 Citations (Scopus)


The binding affinities of a number of amino-acid and peptide derivatives by the mammalian intestinal peptide transporter PepT1 were investigated, using the Xenopus laevis expression system. A series of blocked amino acids, namely N-acetyl-Phe (Ac-Phe), phe-amide (Phe-NH2), N-acetyl-Phe-amide (Ac- Phe-NH2) and the parent compound Phe, was compared for efficacy in inhibiting the uptake of the peptide [3H]-v-Phe-L-Gln. In an equivalent set of experiments, the blocked peptides Ac-Phe-Tyr, Phe-Tyr-NH2 and Ac-Phe-Tyr- NH2 were compared with the parent compound Phe-Tyr. Comparing amino acids and derivatives, only Ac-Phe was an effective inhibitor of peptide uptake (K(i) = 1.81 ± 0.37 mu). Ac-Phe-NH2 had a very weak interaction with PepT1 (K(i) = 16.8 ± 5.64 mM); neither Phe nor Phe-NH2 interacted with PepTl with measurable affinity. With the dipeptide and derivatives, unsurprisingly the highest affinity interaction was with Phe-Tyr (K(i) = 0.10 ± 0.04 mM). The blocked C-terminal peptide Phe-Tyr-NH2 also interacted with PepT1 with a relatively high affinity (K(i) = 0.94 ± 0.38 mM). Both Ac-Phe-Tyr and Ac- Phe-Tyr-NH2 interacted weakly with PepT1 (K(i) = 8.41 ± 0.11 and 9.97 ± 4.01 mm, respectively). The results suggest that the N-terminus is the primary binding site for both dipeptides and tripeptides. Additional experiments with four stereoisomers of Ala-Ala-Ala support this conclusion, and lead us to propose that a histidine residue is involved in binding the C- terminus of dipeptides. In addition, a substrate binding model for PepT1 is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3723-3728
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2000


  • Epithelia
  • Inhibition
  • PepT1
  • Peptide transport
  • Substrate recognition


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