Modelling Unconfined Groundwater Recharge Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System

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2 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Estimating groundwater recharge using mathematical models such as water budget or soil water balance method has been proved to be very difficult due to the complex, uncertain multidimensional nature of the process, despite the simplicity of the concept. Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques have been proposed to deal with this complexity and uncertainty in a similar way to human thinking and reasoning. This study proposed the use of the Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) to model unconfined groundwater recharge using a set of data records from Kaharoa monitoring site in the North Island of New Zealand. Fifty-three data points, comprising a set of input parameters such as rainfall, temperature, sunshine hours, and radiation, for a period of approximately four and a half years, have been used to estimate ground water recharge. The results suggest that the ANFIS model is overall a reliable estimator for groundwater recharge, the correlation coefficient of the model reached 93% using independent data set. The method is easy, flexible and reliable; hence, it is recommended to be used for similar applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1280
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2020


  • Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system
  • Fuzzy logic
  • Groundwater recharge
  • Lysimeter
  • Soil water balance
  • Water budget

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology


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