Modelling two-laser asynchronous optical sampling using a single 2-section semiconductor mode-locked laser diode

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Abstract

We present a theoretical overview and a proposed methodology which demonstrates SLASOPS (single laser asynchronous optical sampling) as a single-laser alternative to the conventional two-laser ASOPS technique. We propose the optical and electronic setup in which SLASOPS may be achieved experimentally with a single 2-section mode-locked laser diode as the pulsed-laser source and simulate how asynchronous optical sampling is generated and detected theoretically. We highlight the technique’s ability to provide customizable scan ranges, scan rates and scan resolutions through variation of the imbalance in the interferometer arms and by tuning the repetition rate of the pulsed-laser source, which we present as optical cross-correlations between pulse pairs. We incorporate jitter into the system mathematically to assess the limitations on resolving both intensity and interferometric cross-correlation traces and to investigate the effects of averaging such traces in real-time. Analysis is then carried out on cross-correlation trace amplitude, width, and temporal positioning in order to discuss the technique’s ability for deployment in typical optical sampling applications. In particular we note SLASOPS’ ability to conduct asynchronous optical sampling using only a single laser, halving both the expense and technical requirements, doing so at megahertz scan rates, and within a spatial precision of just a few microns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3289-3301
Number of pages13
JournalOptics Express
Volume30
Issue number3
Early online date18 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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