Modelling the impact of climate change risk on supply chain performance

Merve Er-Kara, Abhijeet Ghadge, Umit Sezer Bititci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)
742 Downloads (Pure)


Climate change is among the top global risks due to its growing adverse impact on businesses. However, few empirical studies address this imminent risk from a supply chain perspective. Due to a lack of established approaches for capturing complex interaction between climate change risk and supply chain performance, a three-phase mixed methodology approach was attempted. A cognitive map first captured the inter-relationships based on a mental model established by a group of experts. Later, a survey gathered from industry practitioners assessing causal relationships identified key climate change factors and most influenced supply chain performance dimensions. Finally, a system dynamics model supported by multiple case scenarios assessed the implications of climate change on supply chain performance. The results indicated a significant reduction in the availability of natural resources/raw material and capacity, leading to increase in stock-outs, inventory costs and bottlenecks disrupting procurement, manufacturing and logistics functions. Supply chain performance captured through efficiency and effectiveness shows a negative trend with increasing climate change consequences. The systems approach followed in this paper contributes by providing a quantitative model for assessing the impact of climate change risk on supply chain performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7317-7335
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number24
Early online date2 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2021


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