A ground-source heat pump (GSHP) model is formulated and used to estimate the potential of a domestic GSHP as a carbon-saving technology (compared to a conventional gas boiler) with actual thermal data for a dwelling in the UK. The model shows good agreement with current sizing guidelines but shows possible barriers to the carbon-savings (and running cost savings) of GSHPs. This includes an analysis of output temperatures, system sizes and grid CO2 intensity. The model suggests that GSHPs should be aimed towards a new-build market (rather than retrofit) due to the likely reliance on high surface area/low temperature distribution systems. Also, grid CO2 intensity needs to be better understood when estimating the electrical consumption CO2 emissions of GSHPs, both for current and future scenarios. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Ground-source heat pump