Modelling pipeline decompression during the propagation of a ductile fracture

R P Cleaver, P S Cumber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

There is considerable interest world wide amongst major pipeline operators in investigating the potential for using high-strength steels for long distance gas transmission pipelines. Although pipelines that are constructed from such materials will have higher material costs, economic studies' have shown that overall there will be a significant capital expenditure saving on a long (greater than 1000km) transmission Line if such steels are used. However. one problem associated with the introduction of pipelines made from high-strength steels is the ability to demonstrate that a propagating ductile fracture occurring in the pipeline will be arrested. That is, there is a need to show that such fractures, which are highly unlikely to occur in practice, will not propagate beyond a small number of pipe joints. The present paper focuses on one specific aspect of this, namely the prediction of the gas decompression within the pipeline as a ductile fracture propagates along the pipeline. A mathematical model is proposed that relates the pressure in the pipeline to the velocities generated in the pipeline. It is shown that if real gas thermodynamics are taken into account, rather than assuming ideal gas behaviour, then this model is in good agreement with experimental data. It is also noted how this model can be used in practice, both directly in the design of pipelines and to help design experiments to study pipeline fractures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHazards XV: The Process, its Safety and the Environment - Getting it Right
Place of PublicationRugby
PublisherInstitute of Chemical Engineers
Pages201-211
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)0-85295-429-8
Publication statusPublished - 2000
EventHazards XV Symposium on the Process, its Safety and the Environment - Getting it Right - MANCHESTER
Duration: 4 Apr 20006 Apr 2000

Conference

ConferenceHazards XV Symposium on the Process, its Safety and the Environment - Getting it Right
CityMANCHESTER
Period4/04/006/04/00

Cite this

Cleaver, R. P., & Cumber, P. S. (2000). Modelling pipeline decompression during the propagation of a ductile fracture. In Hazards XV: The Process, its Safety and the Environment - Getting it Right (pp. 201-211). Institute of Chemical Engineers.