Missing native oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) beds in a European Marine Protected Area: Should there be widespread restorative management?

Jose Maria Farinas-Franco, Bryony Pearce, James McD Mair, Daniel Bernard Harries, Rebecca Catherine MacPherson, Joanne S. Porter, Paula J. Reimer, William G. Sanderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anthropogenic pressures on the marine environment have escalated and shellfish habitats have declined substantially around the world. Recently, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have rapidly increased in number, but management baselines rarely account for historical conditions. Marine examples of habitat restoration are therefore unusual.

An interdisciplinary review of management baselines was undertaken for the Dornoch Firth protected area (NE Scotland) as well as three adjacent inlets and 50 km of open coastline. The protected area has low levels of industrial development, is sparsely populated, and previously achieved management objectives.

Here we systematically searched for historical evidence of native oyster (Ostrea edulis) beds, a habitat now rare and of conservation importance throughout Atlantic Europe. Archaeological records, navigational charts, historical maps, museum collections, land-use records, fisheries records, public online databases and naturalists' records were searched. We conducted intertidal and subtidal surveys and sample oyster shells were radiocarbon dated.

The combined interdisciplinary sources showed that O. edulis occurred in the inlets and open coast areas of NE Scotland, and specifically in the protected area: Probably since the end of the last glaciation to the late 1800s when they were likely over-fished. Present environmental conditions are also suitable for oyster restoration.

Habitat restoration in protected areas is an emerging global theme. However, European oyster restoration effort is currently confined to remnant populations with a clear history of exploitation or dwindling associated fisheries. An interdisciplinary review of baselines will probably show scope for the restoration of O. edulis, for nature conservation, in many other European MPAs.
LanguageEnglish
Pages293–311
Number of pages19
JournalBiological Conservation
Volume221
Early online date5 Apr 2018
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Fingerprint

protected area
habitat restoration
fishery
last glaciation
coast
habitat
industrial development
shellfish
nature conservation
museum
marine environment
environmental conditions
shell
land use
history
restoration

Cite this

Farinas-Franco, Jose Maria ; Pearce, Bryony ; Mair, James McD ; Harries, Daniel Bernard ; MacPherson, Rebecca Catherine ; Porter, Joanne S. ; Reimer, Paula J. ; Sanderson, William G./ Missing native oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) beds in a European Marine Protected Area: Should there be widespread restorative management?. In: Biological Conservation. 2018 ; Vol. 221. pp. 293–311
@article{616d9af3380042bda54eb356b7ea5682,
title = "Missing native oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) beds in a European Marine Protected Area: Should there be widespread restorative management?",
abstract = "Anthropogenic pressures on the marine environment have escalated and shellfish habitats have declined substantially around the world. Recently, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have rapidly increased in number, but management baselines rarely account for historical conditions. Marine examples of habitat restoration are therefore unusual.An interdisciplinary review of management baselines was undertaken for the Dornoch Firth protected area (NE Scotland) as well as three adjacent inlets and 50 km of open coastline. The protected area has low levels of industrial development, is sparsely populated, and previously achieved management objectives.Here we systematically searched for historical evidence of native oyster (Ostrea edulis) beds, a habitat now rare and of conservation importance throughout Atlantic Europe. Archaeological records, navigational charts, historical maps, museum collections, land-use records, fisheries records, public online databases and naturalists' records were searched. We conducted intertidal and subtidal surveys and sample oyster shells were radiocarbon dated.The combined interdisciplinary sources showed that O. edulis occurred in the inlets and open coast areas of NE Scotland, and specifically in the protected area: Probably since the end of the last glaciation to the late 1800s when they were likely over-fished. Present environmental conditions are also suitable for oyster restoration.Habitat restoration in protected areas is an emerging global theme. However, European oyster restoration effort is currently confined to remnant populations with a clear history of exploitation or dwindling associated fisheries. An interdisciplinary review of baselines will probably show scope for the restoration of O. edulis, for nature conservation, in many other European MPAs.",
author = "Farinas-Franco, {Jose Maria} and Bryony Pearce and Mair, {James McD} and Harries, {Daniel Bernard} and MacPherson, {Rebecca Catherine} and Porter, {Joanne S.} and Reimer, {Paula J.} and Sanderson, {William G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.biocon.2018.03.010",
language = "English",
volume = "221",
pages = "293–311",
journal = "Biological Conservation",
issn = "0006-3207",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Missing native oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) beds in a European Marine Protected Area: Should there be widespread restorative management? / Farinas-Franco, Jose Maria; Pearce, Bryony; Mair, James McD; Harries, Daniel Bernard; MacPherson, Rebecca Catherine; Porter, Joanne S.; Reimer, Paula J.; Sanderson, William G.

In: Biological Conservation, Vol. 221, 05.2018, p. 293–311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Missing native oyster (Ostrea edulis L.) beds in a European Marine Protected Area: Should there be widespread restorative management?

AU - Farinas-Franco,Jose Maria

AU - Pearce,Bryony

AU - Mair,James McD

AU - Harries,Daniel Bernard

AU - MacPherson,Rebecca Catherine

AU - Porter,Joanne S.

AU - Reimer,Paula J.

AU - Sanderson,William G.

PY - 2018/5

Y1 - 2018/5

N2 - Anthropogenic pressures on the marine environment have escalated and shellfish habitats have declined substantially around the world. Recently, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have rapidly increased in number, but management baselines rarely account for historical conditions. Marine examples of habitat restoration are therefore unusual.An interdisciplinary review of management baselines was undertaken for the Dornoch Firth protected area (NE Scotland) as well as three adjacent inlets and 50 km of open coastline. The protected area has low levels of industrial development, is sparsely populated, and previously achieved management objectives.Here we systematically searched for historical evidence of native oyster (Ostrea edulis) beds, a habitat now rare and of conservation importance throughout Atlantic Europe. Archaeological records, navigational charts, historical maps, museum collections, land-use records, fisheries records, public online databases and naturalists' records were searched. We conducted intertidal and subtidal surveys and sample oyster shells were radiocarbon dated.The combined interdisciplinary sources showed that O. edulis occurred in the inlets and open coast areas of NE Scotland, and specifically in the protected area: Probably since the end of the last glaciation to the late 1800s when they were likely over-fished. Present environmental conditions are also suitable for oyster restoration.Habitat restoration in protected areas is an emerging global theme. However, European oyster restoration effort is currently confined to remnant populations with a clear history of exploitation or dwindling associated fisheries. An interdisciplinary review of baselines will probably show scope for the restoration of O. edulis, for nature conservation, in many other European MPAs.

AB - Anthropogenic pressures on the marine environment have escalated and shellfish habitats have declined substantially around the world. Recently, Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) have rapidly increased in number, but management baselines rarely account for historical conditions. Marine examples of habitat restoration are therefore unusual.An interdisciplinary review of management baselines was undertaken for the Dornoch Firth protected area (NE Scotland) as well as three adjacent inlets and 50 km of open coastline. The protected area has low levels of industrial development, is sparsely populated, and previously achieved management objectives.Here we systematically searched for historical evidence of native oyster (Ostrea edulis) beds, a habitat now rare and of conservation importance throughout Atlantic Europe. Archaeological records, navigational charts, historical maps, museum collections, land-use records, fisheries records, public online databases and naturalists' records were searched. We conducted intertidal and subtidal surveys and sample oyster shells were radiocarbon dated.The combined interdisciplinary sources showed that O. edulis occurred in the inlets and open coast areas of NE Scotland, and specifically in the protected area: Probably since the end of the last glaciation to the late 1800s when they were likely over-fished. Present environmental conditions are also suitable for oyster restoration.Habitat restoration in protected areas is an emerging global theme. However, European oyster restoration effort is currently confined to remnant populations with a clear history of exploitation or dwindling associated fisheries. An interdisciplinary review of baselines will probably show scope for the restoration of O. edulis, for nature conservation, in many other European MPAs.

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.03.010

DO - 10.1016/j.biocon.2018.03.010

M3 - Article

VL - 221

SP - 293

EP - 311

JO - Biological Conservation

T2 - Biological Conservation

JF - Biological Conservation

SN - 0006-3207

ER -