Miscibility of blends of bisphenol-A-polycarbonate and poly(styrene-co- acrylonitrile-co-hydroxystyrene) terpolymer

Guangxian Li, Shiyun Mong, Sujun Jiang, Lakchminarayanan Ragupathy, J. M G Cowie, R. Ferguson, V. Arrighi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The miscibility of blends of bisphenol-A-poly-carbonate (BAPC) with the terpolymer poly(hydroxystyrene-co-acrylonitrile-co-styrene) (OHS-AN-S) and the copolymer poly(hydroxystyrene-co-acrylonitrile) (OHS-AN) was investigated. BAPC was found to be miscible with terpolymers incorporating 25-80 mol % hydroxystyrene. The introduction of the acrylonitrile monomer (AN) into poly (styrene-co-hydroxystyrene) (PSHS) produces a wider "miscibility window" with BAPC compared with that of blends of BAPC with PSHS i.e. a miscible blend is obtained at relatively lower levels of hydroxyl groups in the terpolymer. However, the miscibility range in terpolymer/BAPC blends is affected by the amount of AN monomer incorporated into the terpolymer. This is probably a consequence of the influence of the AN monomer on the closer spatial correlation between the terpolymer and BAPC chains. BAPC is also found to be miscible with the OHS-AN copolymer within the composition range 12-50 AN mol % in the copolymer. A triangular phase diagram for binary blends of terpolymer/ homopolymer (AxByCz/D) is suggested, to determine the miscible region of the terpolymer compositions in the blends. A model used for predicting the miscibility of binary blends consisting of a homopolymer and a terpolymer was also proposed on the basis of the mean-field theory, and tested with the experimental results obtained in this work. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)944-949
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2007

Keywords

  • Bisphenol-A-polycarbonate
  • Miscibility
  • Poly(hydroxystyrene-co-acrylonitrile-co- Styrene)
  • Polymer blends
  • Terpolymer

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