A miniaturised structural health monitoring device has been developed capable of measuring the absolute distance between close parallel surfaces using Fabry-Pérot interferometry with nm-scale sensitivity. This is achieved by fabricating turning mirrors on two opposite cores of a multi-core fibre to produce a probe with dimensions limited only be the fibre diameter. Two fabrication processes have been investigated: Focused ion beam milling, which has resulted in a sensor measurement accuracy, sensitivity and range of ±0.056 µm, ±0.006 µm and ∼16000 µm respectively; and ultrafast laser assisted etching of the cleaved fibre end, where a sensor measurement accuracy, sensitivity and range of ±0.065 µm, ±0.006 µm and ∼7500 µm have been demonstrated.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics