Metric assessment of autonomous capabilities in unmanned maritime vehicles

Carlos C. Insaurralde*, David Michael Lane

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


Autonomous capabilities in Unmanned Maritime Vehicles (UMVs) have been pushing the technology beyond imaginable limits in order to deal with more and more complex ocean and sea missions. However, there is still no agreement on the aspects that should be evaluated to know whether a UMV satisfies the degree or level of autonomy expected. This paper reviews current approaches to assess autonomous behavior in UMVs. It also recaps the different development and operation aspects taken into account by researchers and practitioners to evaluate autonomy in unmanned systems from diverse domains. This provides a baseline to study methodologies to assess maritime autonomy so that metrics and assessment criteria can be defined for UMVs. This paper also presents statistical results from a comparison of existing assessment frameworks for autonomy in different domains. Outcomes from this study are critical to devise guidelines for metric autonomy assessment in UMVs. In addition, a discussion on relevant aspects of a autonomy assessment process for UMVs, and future research directions are presented. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved,

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalEngineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • Maritime autonomy
  • Unmanned marine vehicles
  • Autonomy metrics
  • Autonomous capabilities
  • Autonomy assessment criteria


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