Increasing the collection efficiency from solid-state emitters is an important step towards achieving robust single photon sources, as well as optically connecting different nodes of quantum hardware. A metallic substrate may be the most basic method of improving the collection of photons from quantum dots, with predicted collection efficiency increases of up to 50%. The established 'method-of-images' approach models the effects of a reflective surface for atomic and molecular emitters by replacing the metal surface with a second fictitious emitter which ensures appropriate electromagnetic boundary conditions. Here, we extend the approach to the case of driven solid-state emitters, where exciton-phonon interactions play a key role in determining the optical properties of the system. We derive an intuitive polaron master equation and demonstrate its agreement with the complementary half-sided cavity formulation of the same problem. Our extended image approach offers a straightforward route towards studying the dynamics of multiple solid-state emitters near a metallic surface.
Scerri, D., Santana, T. S., Gerardot, B. D., & Gauger, E. (2017). Method of images applied to driven solid-state emitters. Physical Review B, 95(16), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.165403