We show that in the classical (fixed-monomer-concentration) Becker-Döring equations truncated at finite cluster size, the slow evolution (metastability) of solutions can be explained in terms of the eigensystem of this linear ordinary differential equation (ODE) system. In particular, for a common choice of coagulation-fragmentation rate constants there is an extremely small non-zero eigenvalue which is isolated from the rest of the spectrum. We give estimates and bounds on the size of this eigenvalue, the gap between it and the second smallest, and the size of the largest eigenvalue. The bounds on the smallest eigenvalue are very sharp when the system size and/or monomer concentration are large enough.
- Asymptotic behaviour of solution
- Eigenvalue estimates