Message Passing and Hierarchical Models for Simultaneous Tracking and Registration

David Cormack, James R. Hopgood

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


Sensor registration is an important problem that must be considered when attempting to perform any kind of data fusion in multi-modal, multi-sensor target tracking. In this Multiple Target Tracking (MTT) application, any inaccuracies in the registration can lead to false tracks being created, and tracks of true targets being stopped prematurely. This article introduces a method for simultaneously tracking multiple targets in a surveillance region and estimating appropriate sensor registration parameters so that sensor fusion can be performed accurately. The proposed method is based around particle Belief Propagation (BP), a recent but highly efficient framework for tracking multiple targets. The proposed method also uses a hierarchical model which allows for multiple processes to be linked and interact with one another.We present a comprehensive set of simulations and results using differing, asynchronous sensor setups, and compare with a Random Finite Set (RFS) approach, namely the Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC)-Probability Hypothesis Density (PHD) filter. The results show the proposed method is 17% more accurate than the RFS approach on average.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1524-1537
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Issue number3
Early online date5 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Belief propagation (BP)
  • PHD filter
  • camera
  • message passing
  • multiple target tracking (MTT)
  • radar
  • sensor fusion
  • sensor registration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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