Mechanical finishing of wool for improved property and functionality

Danmei Sun, Milda Lebedytė, Muhammad Owais Raza Siddiqui

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


In recent years, wool has been gaining recognition as a high-performance and specialist fiber with tuneable properties. Wool has become important for brands to enhance business portfolios and increase economic competitiveness. Mechanical processing of wool has long been integral to the production of various end-use products. With modern technologies such as whole garment production, it is important to understand different mechanical processes for wool production. In this chapter, some mechanical processes that have been used to improve wool properties and add functions will be discussed, such as decatising, milling, raising, and shearing, which can be used to modify wool fabric surface luster or add texture, improve dimensional stability, increase fullness, and improve the softness of wool fabrics. Working principles of these mechanical processes, as well as processing parameters such as processing speed, time, temperature etc. that affect the quality of the treated wool fabric will be discussed in detail. In addition, wool waste recycling through a mechanical approach will also be touched upon in this chapter.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Wool Handbook: Morphology, Structure, Properties, Processing, and Applications
EditorsSeiko Jose, Gautam Basu, Sabu Thomas
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780323995993
ISBN (Print)9780323995986
Publication statusPublished - 18 Oct 2023


  • wool
  • mechanical finishing
  • decatising
  • milling
  • raising
  • shearing
  • functionality
  • property modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)


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