Measurement of Simulated Convective Temperature Distribution Near Ancient Wall Paintings

Vladimir S. Fonov, Christian Ferdinand Joeckel, Ian Grant

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    This study presents a method for measuring the temperature distribution in a confined volume of water used to simulate heat convection in the air. The water was seeded with thermo sensitive crystals as an indicator for the temperature. A 1:10 scale model of a room cross section was used in the study. The model was fitted with the heating elements to produce a heat flux similar to that produced by heating radiators at full scale. Thermo-sensitive Liquid Crystals (TLC) were "in-situ" calibrated using a standard temperature gauge. The obtained response function was used to relate the colour of the TLC with the ambient temperature. The resulting temperature distribution was recorded at several instants during the heating process. Using this approach the evolution of the temperature distribution was visualized.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)159-167
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Visualization
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


    • Air modeling in water
    • Natural convection
    • Thermo-sensitive liquid crystals


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