Mathematical modeling of degradation for bulk-erosive polymers: Applications in tissue engineering scaffolds and drug delivery systems

Yuhang Chen, Shiwei Zhou, Qing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The degradation of polymeric biomaterials, which are widely exploited in tissue engineering and drug delivery systems, has drawn significant attention in recent years. This paper aims to develop a mathematical model that combines stochastic hydrolysis and mass transport to simulate the polymeric degradation and erosion process. The hydrolysis reaction is modeled in a discrete fashion by a fundamental stochastic process and an additional autocatalytic effect induced by the local carboxylic acid concentration in terms of the continuous diffusion equation. Illustrative examples of microparticles and tissue scaffolds demonstrate the applicability of the model. It is found that diffusive transport plays a critical role in determining the degradation pathway, whilst autocatalysis makes the degradation size dependent. The modeling results show good agreement with experimental data in the literature, in which the hydrolysis rate, polymer architecture and matrix size actually work together to determine the characteristics of the degradation and erosion processes of bulk-erosive polymer devices. The proposed degradation model exhibits great potential for the design optimization of drug carriers and tissue scaffolds. (C) 2010 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1140-1149
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Biodegradable polymers
  • Autocatalysis
  • Microparticle
  • Scaffold
  • COMPUTER-AIDED-DESIGN
  • PLGA MICROSPHERES
  • HYDROLYTIC DEGRADATION
  • BIODEGRADABLE POLYMERS
  • CONTROLLED-RELEASE
  • BONE REGENERATION
  • MICROCLIMATE PH
  • FINITE-ELEMENT
  • IN-VITRO
  • DEVICES

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