Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant

Juergen Schleppi, Joseph Gibbons, Alexander Groetsch, Jim Buckman, Aidan Cowley, Nick Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Future planetary surface missions to the Moon or Mars, for example, can be augmented by the use of local materials, in order to reduce launch mass and expand mission capability. Using lunar regolith simulant and heating it within a susceptor-assisted microwave oven, it was possible to manufacture a variety of basaltic glasses. Furthermore, it was possible to shape these glasses by grinding and polishing the surface flat and smooth. Glasses manufactured from different lunar regolith simulants were coated with aluminium or silver, and the reflective properties of the resulting mirrors and uncoated surfaces were measured. It was shown that with a porous and/or smooth surface finish, mirrors could be made that reflect the incident solar light (400 nm–1250 nm) in-between 30% for the worst and 85% for the best samples. The same samples with uncoated surfaces showed to reflect less than 7% of incident solar light in the same wavelength range.
LanguageEnglish
Pages3726-3747
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Materials Science
Volume54
Issue number5
Early online date19 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Glass
Microwave ovens
Moon
Polishing
Aluminum
Silver
Heating
Wavelength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Schleppi, J., Gibbons, J., Groetsch, A., Buckman, J., Cowley, A., & Bennett, N. (2019). Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant. Journal of Materials Science, 54(5), 3726-3747. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-3101-y
Schleppi, Juergen ; Gibbons, Joseph ; Groetsch, Alexander ; Buckman, Jim ; Cowley, Aidan ; Bennett, Nick. / Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant. In: Journal of Materials Science. 2019 ; Vol. 54, No. 5. pp. 3726-3747.
@article{fb538c43652b4fc0b4cf3109435fd980,
title = "Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant",
abstract = "Future planetary surface missions to the Moon or Mars, for example, can be augmented by the use of local materials, in order to reduce launch mass and expand mission capability. Using lunar regolith simulant and heating it within a susceptor-assisted microwave oven, it was possible to manufacture a variety of basaltic glasses. Furthermore, it was possible to shape these glasses by grinding and polishing the surface flat and smooth. Glasses manufactured from different lunar regolith simulants were coated with aluminium or silver, and the reflective properties of the resulting mirrors and uncoated surfaces were measured. It was shown that with a porous and/or smooth surface finish, mirrors could be made that reflect the incident solar light (400 nm–1250 nm) in-between 30{\%} for the worst and 85{\%} for the best samples. The same samples with uncoated surfaces showed to reflect less than 7{\%} of incident solar light in the same wavelength range.",
author = "Juergen Schleppi and Joseph Gibbons and Alexander Groetsch and Jim Buckman and Aidan Cowley and Nick Bennett",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/s10853-018-3101-y",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "3726--3747",
journal = "Journal of Materials Science",
issn = "0022-2461",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "5",

}

Schleppi, J, Gibbons, J, Groetsch, A, Buckman, J, Cowley, A & Bennett, N 2019, 'Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant', Journal of Materials Science, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 3726-3747. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-018-3101-y

Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant. / Schleppi, Juergen; Gibbons, Joseph; Groetsch, Alexander; Buckman, Jim; Cowley, Aidan; Bennett, Nick.

In: Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 54, No. 5, 03.2019, p. 3726-3747.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Manufacture of glass and mirrors from lunar regolith simulant

AU - Schleppi, Juergen

AU - Gibbons, Joseph

AU - Groetsch, Alexander

AU - Buckman, Jim

AU - Cowley, Aidan

AU - Bennett, Nick

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - Future planetary surface missions to the Moon or Mars, for example, can be augmented by the use of local materials, in order to reduce launch mass and expand mission capability. Using lunar regolith simulant and heating it within a susceptor-assisted microwave oven, it was possible to manufacture a variety of basaltic glasses. Furthermore, it was possible to shape these glasses by grinding and polishing the surface flat and smooth. Glasses manufactured from different lunar regolith simulants were coated with aluminium or silver, and the reflective properties of the resulting mirrors and uncoated surfaces were measured. It was shown that with a porous and/or smooth surface finish, mirrors could be made that reflect the incident solar light (400 nm–1250 nm) in-between 30% for the worst and 85% for the best samples. The same samples with uncoated surfaces showed to reflect less than 7% of incident solar light in the same wavelength range.

AB - Future planetary surface missions to the Moon or Mars, for example, can be augmented by the use of local materials, in order to reduce launch mass and expand mission capability. Using lunar regolith simulant and heating it within a susceptor-assisted microwave oven, it was possible to manufacture a variety of basaltic glasses. Furthermore, it was possible to shape these glasses by grinding and polishing the surface flat and smooth. Glasses manufactured from different lunar regolith simulants were coated with aluminium or silver, and the reflective properties of the resulting mirrors and uncoated surfaces were measured. It was shown that with a porous and/or smooth surface finish, mirrors could be made that reflect the incident solar light (400 nm–1250 nm) in-between 30% for the worst and 85% for the best samples. The same samples with uncoated surfaces showed to reflect less than 7% of incident solar light in the same wavelength range.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056870485&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10853-018-3101-y

DO - 10.1007/s10853-018-3101-y

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 3726

EP - 3747

JO - Journal of Materials Science

T2 - Journal of Materials Science

JF - Journal of Materials Science

SN - 0022-2461

IS - 5

ER -