Mantle studies

J. N. Ludden, D. Francis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Convection in the Earth's mantle provides the driving force for plate-tectonic processes and the heat source for fluid transport in the Earth's crust. Understanding the relationships between mantle composition and convection and its interaction with continental and oceanic crust provide a major challenge to modern petrologists and geochemists. This challenge can only be resolved by indirect studies, such as tomography and geochemical inversions on mantle-derived products, or by direct studies on rarely sampled upper mantle products in mantle xenolith suites and the barely accessible in situ outcrops of mantle in oceanic fracture zones. -Authors

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalGeoscience Canada
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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