Manipulating cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat using resource appraisals

Martin J. Turner*, Marc V. Jones, David Sheffield, Jamie B. Barker, Peter Coffee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Challenge and threat reflect two distinct psychophysiological approaches to motivated performance situations. Challenge is related to superior performance in a range of tasks compared to threat, thus methods to promote challenge are valuable. In this paper we manipulate challenge and threat cardiovascular reactivity using only resource appraisals, without altering perceived task demands between challenge and threat conditions. Study 1 used a competitive throwing task and Study 2 used a physically demanding climbing task. In both studies challenge task instructions led to challenge cardiovascular reactivity and threat task instructions led to threat cardiovascular reactivity. In Study 1, participants who received challenge instructions performed better than participants who received threat instructions. In Study 2, attendance at the climbing task did not differ across groups. The findings have implications for stress management in terms of focusing on manipulating appraisals of upcoming tasks by promoting self-efficacy and perceived control and focusing on approach goals. Future research could more reliably assess the influence of similar task instructions on performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume94
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Keywords

  • Biopsychosocial model
  • Cardiovascular reactivity
  • Cognitive appraisal
  • Emotion
  • Theory of Challenge and Threat States in Athletes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Manipulating cardiovascular indices of challenge and threat using resource appraisals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this