Machine learning based prediction of piezoelectric energy harvesting from wake galloping

Chengyun Zhang, Gang Hu, Daniil Yurchenko, Pengfei Lin, Shanghao Gu, Dongran Song, Huayi Peng*, Junlei Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)
182 Downloads (Pure)


Wake galloping is a phenomenon of aerodynamic instability and has vast potential in energy harvesting. This paper investigates the vibration response of wake galloping piezoelectric energy harvesters (WGPEHs) in different configurations. In the proposed system, a stationary obstacle is placed upstream, and a cuboid bluff body mounted on a cantilever beam with piezoelectric sheets attached to it, is placed downstream. Three different types of WGPEHs were tested with different cross-section S of the upstream obstacles, namely square, triangular, and circular. At the same time, the tests were conducted by changing the equivalent diameter ratio η=1~2.5 of the upstream and downstream objects, the dimensionless distance between two objects’ centers L=L/D=2~8, and the velocity span U=2.93~14.54. The results reveal that S, η, L and U have significant effect on the vibration response of WGPEHs. Then, considering these four parameters as input features, this study has trained machine learning (ML) models to predict the root mean square values of the voltage (Vrms) and the maximum displacement (ymax), respectively. The performance of three different ML algorithms including decision tree regressor (DTR), random forest (RF), and gradient boosting regression trees (GBRT) on predicting Vrms and ymax were compared. Among them, the GBRT model performed optimally in predicting the Vrms and ymax. The GBRT model provides accurate predictions to Vrms and ymax within the test range of S, η, L and U.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107876
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Early online date16 Apr 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • Gradient boosting regression trees
  • Machine learning
  • Piezoelectric energy harvesting
  • Wake galloping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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