Macadamia integrifolia: A new source of natural dyes for textile colouration

Md Ahsan Habib*, Md Nahid Pervez, Sakil Mahmud, Meer Md Rasel Khan, Quan Heng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
196 Downloads (Pure)


In this research, an attempt has been made to extract natural dye from Macadamia integrifolia, as a new source for cotton dyeing with good enough properties for potential commercial applications. Optimum extractions were observed with a sodium hydroxide as solvent at 60°C, time 60 min and M: L was 1: 20. The study of different factors effecting dyeability of cotton fabrics were acquired at following conditions: dye concentration 50 %, salt concentration 10 g/L, pH 8, 85°C and 120 min. The colour strength (K/S) and fastness properties were found to be satisfactory in the post-mordant-processed fabric with the use of optimum mordant (M1 > M3 > M2) concentration of 3 %. Based on UV-visible spectra analysis, presence of lignin was confirmed on extract of aqueous Macadamia integrifolia. The chemical composition analysis was determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and surface morphology of cotton fibers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for any changes on fiber. It is hoped that with analytical assay natural colourants can be tailored to access acrimonious functional ambit of synthetic dyes for the textile industries up to some extent, especially in case of the natural fibers colouration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1548
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number7
Early online date13 May 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 May 2017


  • Colour fastness
  • Lignin
  • Macadamia integrifolia
  • Post-mordant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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