Low-toxicity dusts: Current exposure guidelines are not sufficiently protective

John W. Cherrie, Lisa M. Brosseau, Alastair Hay, Kenneth Donaldson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Exposure to low-toxicity dusts, which have previously been viewed as 'nuisance dusts', can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or other nonmalignant respiratory disease. In Britain, the 'de facto' airborne exposure limits for these dusts have remained unchanged for >30 years; currently, they are 10mg m(-3) for inhalable dust and 4mg m(-3) for respirable dust. During this time, exposures in industry have decreased and although in the past, many occupational dust exposures may have exceeded these limits, today this is less likely. However, there is good evidence from epidemiology and toxicology studies that current dust exposures may still present a risk to workers and that for some of those who are affected, there are devastating health consequences. Numerous researchers and others have drawn attention to the necessity to control dust exposures to levels lower than are currently accepted in Britain. It is proposed that until regulators agree on the safe occupational exposure limits for low-toxicity dusts, health and safety professionals should consider 1mg m(-3) of respirable dusts as a more appropriate guideline than the value of 4mg m(-3) currently used in Britain.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)685-691
    Number of pages7
    JournalAnnals of Occupational Hygiene
    Volume57
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

    Keywords

    • COPD
    • COSHH
    • inhalable dust
    • lung function
    • OEL
    • respirable dust

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