Low-Salinity Polymeric Nanofluid-Enhanced Oil Recovery Using Green Polymer-Coated ZnO/SiO 2 Nanocomposites in the Upper Qamchuqa Formation in Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Jagar A. Ali, Kamal Kolo, Abbas Khaksar Manshad, Karl Dunbar Stephen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many carbonate oil fields are known to be oil-wet, which makes production more difficult. Enhanced oil recovery methods have been developed in the past to reduce interfacial tension (IFT) and improve displacement efficiency by injecting higher viscosity solutions. This work focused on the production of ZnO/SiO 2 nanocomposite (NC) that is designed to reduce IFT during water-flooding of an oil-wet rock sample from the Upper Qamchoqa carbonate formation. A natural polymer was used as a mobility modifying agent to increase oil recovery. In addition, the effects of water salinity, NC concentration, temperature, and pressure have been analyzed to determine potential improvement on the performance of the stated chemical additives to the injected fluids. ZnO/SiO 2 /xanthan NC was prepared in a simple, economical, and importantly, green way using the pomegranate seed extract and characterized with scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction. The potential effect of the polymeric ZnO/SiO 2 nanofluid on IFT reduction was studied. Core-flooding was carried out to investigate the effects of this IFT reduction on relative permeability curves. The results show that the nanofluid with 2000 ppm NC concentration at high temperature and high pressure significantly reduced the IFT, by about 93.6%, from 31.8 to 2.016 mN/m compared with seawater injection, also increasing the oil recovery by about 19.28% from 46.96 to 66.24%, with high shifting of the relative permeability curve to the right. The derived NC is very promising as a chemical for enhanced oil recovery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-937
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume33
Issue number2
Early online date14 Jan 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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