Long-term environmental impact of oil spills

Paul F. Kingston

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    237 Citations (Scopus)


    Oil contamination may persist in the marine environment for many years after an oil spill and, in exceptional cases such as salt marshes and mangrove swamps, the effects may be measurable for decades after the event. However, in most cases, environmental recovery is relatively swift and is complete within 2-10 years. Where oil has been eliminated from the scene, the long-term environmental impacts are generally confined to community structure anomalies that persist because of the longevity of the component species. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)53-61
    Number of pages9
    JournalSpill Science and Technology Bulletin
    Issue number3-4
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002


    • Environmental impact
    • Environmental recovery
    • Marine environment
    • Oil spills


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