Localization of Laterally Confined Modes in a 2D Semiconductor Microcavity

Xuewen Zhang, Lishu Wu, Weihuang Yang, Shun Feng, Xu Wang, Xingwang Zhang, Jingzhi Shang, Wei Huang, Ting Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Monolayer semiconductor embedded planar microcavities are becoming a promising light-matter interacting system to uncover a wealth of photonic, excitonic, and polaritonic physics at the two-dimensional (2D) limit. In these 2D semiconductor microcavities employing the longitudinal Fabry-Perot resonance, major attention has been paid to the coupling of excitons with vertically confined cavity photons; by contrast, the lateral confinement effect on exciton-photon interactions is still elusive. Here we observe the localized distribution of laterally confined modes with discrete energies in a 2D semiconductor embedded microcavity. Monolayer tungsten disulfides with equilateral triangular geometries but varied edge lengths are selected as the active media incorporated into a dielectric planar microcavity. With the shortening of the edge length, photoluminescence mappings of active regions present spatially localized emission patterns, which are attributed to the presence of in-plane triangular waveguiding resonance caused by total internal reflection at the one-dimensional closed boundary between the monolayer semiconductor and its surrounding cavity material. Unlike the conventional quantum confinement effect of native excitons appearing at the nanometer scale, the mode emission at the active-medium center exhibits apparent size-dependent features at the micrometer scale due to the optical confinement effect correlated with its photonic nature. By reducing the area of active media, single-mode dominant emission is achieved together with its nondispersive energy and improved directionality. Our work highlights the crucial role of lateral mode control in monolayer semiconductor embedded planar microcavities and encourages the investigation of the quantum billiard problem in 2D semiconductors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4940-4946
Number of pages7
JournalACS Nano
Issue number3
Early online date24 Feb 2022
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2022


  • 2D semiconductor
  • confinement
  • localization
  • microcavity
  • waveguide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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