Laser-induced flourescence studies of elementary processes in a helium plasma following He 3 3P-2 3S and 3 1P-2 1S excitation

Michael James Frost, S Himmelmann, D D Palmer

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Abstract

We report experiments in which laser-induced fluorescence detection is incorporated into a flowing afterglow helium plasma to study the kinetics and dynamics of excited helium atoms. Following excitation of helium in the 3 3P-2 3S band at 388.9 nm, dispered fluorescence spectra show major features at 388.9, 706.5 and 587.6 nm corresponding to emission from the 3 3P, 3 3S and 3 3D states as observed in previous studies. In addition to these major features, we also observe weaker, molecular emissions in the 430-500 and 7100-725 nm regions which we assign to fluorescence from He2 states. Similar experiments in which the 3 1P-2 1S band at 501.6 nm is excited afford strong atomic fluorescence from the 3 1P and 3 1D states at 501.6 and 667.8 nm, respectively. A weak emission features can also be assigned to 3 1S-2 1P emission at 728.1 nm. Weak molecular emissions are again observed but in this case in the 440-470 and 535-600 nm regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1587
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2001

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helium plasma
excitation
lasers
fluorescence
helium atoms
afterglows
laser induced fluorescence
helium
kinetics

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title = "Laser-induced flourescence studies of elementary processes in a helium plasma following He 3 3P-2 3S and 3 1P-2 1S excitation",
abstract = "We report experiments in which laser-induced fluorescence detection is incorporated into a flowing afterglow helium plasma to study the kinetics and dynamics of excited helium atoms. Following excitation of helium in the 3 3P-2 3S band at 388.9 nm, dispered fluorescence spectra show major features at 388.9, 706.5 and 587.6 nm corresponding to emission from the 3 3P, 3 3S and 3 3D states as observed in previous studies. In addition to these major features, we also observe weaker, molecular emissions in the 430-500 and 7100-725 nm regions which we assign to fluorescence from He2 states. Similar experiments in which the 3 1P-2 1S band at 501.6 nm is excited afford strong atomic fluorescence from the 3 1P and 3 1D states at 501.6 and 667.8 nm, respectively. A weak emission features can also be assigned to 3 1S-2 1P emission at 728.1 nm. Weak molecular emissions are again observed but in this case in the 440-470 and 535-600 nm regions.",
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Laser-induced flourescence studies of elementary processes in a helium plasma following He 3 3P-2 3S and 3 1P-2 1S excitation. / Frost, Michael James; Himmelmann, S; Palmer, D D.

In: Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 34, No. 9, 14.05.2001, p. 1569-1587.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Frost, Michael James

AU - Himmelmann, S

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N2 - We report experiments in which laser-induced fluorescence detection is incorporated into a flowing afterglow helium plasma to study the kinetics and dynamics of excited helium atoms. Following excitation of helium in the 3 3P-2 3S band at 388.9 nm, dispered fluorescence spectra show major features at 388.9, 706.5 and 587.6 nm corresponding to emission from the 3 3P, 3 3S and 3 3D states as observed in previous studies. In addition to these major features, we also observe weaker, molecular emissions in the 430-500 and 7100-725 nm regions which we assign to fluorescence from He2 states. Similar experiments in which the 3 1P-2 1S band at 501.6 nm is excited afford strong atomic fluorescence from the 3 1P and 3 1D states at 501.6 and 667.8 nm, respectively. A weak emission features can also be assigned to 3 1S-2 1P emission at 728.1 nm. Weak molecular emissions are again observed but in this case in the 440-470 and 535-600 nm regions.

AB - We report experiments in which laser-induced fluorescence detection is incorporated into a flowing afterglow helium plasma to study the kinetics and dynamics of excited helium atoms. Following excitation of helium in the 3 3P-2 3S band at 388.9 nm, dispered fluorescence spectra show major features at 388.9, 706.5 and 587.6 nm corresponding to emission from the 3 3P, 3 3S and 3 3D states as observed in previous studies. In addition to these major features, we also observe weaker, molecular emissions in the 430-500 and 7100-725 nm regions which we assign to fluorescence from He2 states. Similar experiments in which the 3 1P-2 1S band at 501.6 nm is excited afford strong atomic fluorescence from the 3 1P and 3 1D states at 501.6 and 667.8 nm, respectively. A weak emission features can also be assigned to 3 1S-2 1P emission at 728.1 nm. Weak molecular emissions are again observed but in this case in the 440-470 and 535-600 nm regions.

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