Lagos (Nigeria) flooding and influence of urban planning

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    43 Citations (Scopus)


    The aim of the study was to analyse the causes of the flooding problems being encountered in Lagos (Nigeria) and to recommend sustainable management solutions to them. Data on climate, drainage infrastructures and physical planning regulations were collected and extensively analysed. These were combined with evidence from field inspection and discussion with stakeholders, including relevant government departments, university researchers and selected residents. The investigation revealed that, contrary to popular wisdom, climate change or unusually high rainfall is not the primary cause of the flooding problems in Lagos. Rather, the increased urbanisation, lax planning laws in relation to the erection of buildings in flood plains and the lack or inadequacy of storm drainage facilities in the city are to blame. It is argued that a lasting solution to the flooding problem will require the incorporation of sustainable drainage systems within the existing flood management strategy for the city and planning for this must start now.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)175 - 187
    Number of pages13
    JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers- Urban Design and Planning
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2011


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