Laboratory studies of electron and ion irradiation of solid acetonitrile (CH3CN)

Ali Ghith Moussa Abdulgalil, Demian Marchione, John Thrower, Mark Collings, Martin McCoustra, Farah Islam, Marie Elisabetta Palumbo, Emanuel Congiu, Francois Dulieu

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The structure and bonding of solid acetonitrile (CH3CN) films on amorphous silica are studied, and chemical and physical processes under irradiation with 200 keV protons and 250–400 eV electrons are quantified using transmission infrared spectroscopy, reflection–absorption infrared spectroscopy and temperature-programmed desorption, with the assistance of basic computational chemistry and nuclear materials calculations. The thermal desorption profiles are found to depend strongly on the balance between CH3CN–surface and CH3CN–CH3CN interactions, passing from a sub-monolayer regime (binding energy: 35–50 kJ mol-1) to a multilayer regime (binding energy: 38.2 ± 1.0 kJ mol-1) via a fractional order desorption regime characteristic of islanding as the coverage increases. Calculations using the SRIM code reveal that the effects of the ion irradiation are dominated by electronic stopping of incident protons, and the subsequent generation of secondary electrons. Therefore, ion irradiation and electron irradiation experiments can be quantitatively compared. During ion irradiation of thicker CH3CN films, a cross section for secondary electron-promoted chemical destruction of CH3CN of 4(±1) × 10-18 cm2 was
measured, while electron-promoted desorption was not detected. A significantly higher cross section for electron-promoted desorption of 0.82–3.2 × 10-15 cm2 was measured during electron irradiation of thinner CH3CN films, while no chemical products were detected. The differences between the experimental results can be rationalized by recognizing that chemical reaction is a bulk effect in the CH3CN film, whereas desorption is a surface sensitive process. In thicker
films, electron-promoted desorption is expected to occur a rate that is independent of the film thickness; i.e. show zeroth-order kinetics with respect to the surface concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20110586
Number of pages20
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Volume371
Issue number1994
Early online date3 Jun 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2013

Keywords

  • Acetonitrile
  • Surfaces and Thin Films
  • Ion Irradiation
  • Electron Irradiation
  • Vibrational Spectroscopy

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