Laboratory Characterization of crude oil and sandstone reservoir for Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery

Mohammad Falalu Hamza, Hassan Soleimani, Chandra Mohan Sinnathambi, Zulkifli Merican Aljunid Merican, Karl Dunbar Stephen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
131 Downloads (Pure)


Because of the increasing global oil demand, efforts have been made to further extract oil using chemical enhanced oil recovery (CEOR) methods. However, unlike water flooding, understanding the physicochemical properties of crude oil and its sandstone reservoir makeup is the first step before embarking to CEOR projects. These properties play major roles in the area of EOR technologies and are important not only for the development of reliable chemical flooding agents, but are key parameters used to evaluate the economic and technical feasibilities of production and refining processes in the oil industries. Consequently, this study is aimed at investigating various important physicochemical properties of crude oil (specific gravity, API, viscosity, pour point, BS & W, wax and SARA components) and sandstone reservoir makeup (porosity, permeability, bulk volume and density, grain volume and density, morphology and mineral composition and distributions) obtained from Malaysian oil field (MOF) for oil recovery prediction and design of promising chemical flooding agents. Three reservoir sandstones from different depths (CORE 1; 5601, CORE 2; 6173 and CORE 3; 6182 ft) as well as its crude oil were obtained from the MOF, and various characterization instruments, such as HT-GC and column chromatography for crude’s fractions identification, GC-Simdist for boiling point distribution, POROPERM for porosity and permeability, CT-Scan and SEM/EDX for morphology and mineral distribution, wax instrument (wax content), pour point analyser (pour point), visco-rheometre (viscosity) etc, were employed for the characterizations. Experimental data gathered from this study shows that the field contains low viscous (0.0018-0.014 Pa.s) sweet and light typed crude because of low sulfur content (0.03 %), API gravity (43.1o), high proportion of volatile components (51.78 %) and insignificant traces of heavy components (0.02 %). Similarly, the rock permeability trend with depth was found in the order of CORE 1 < CORE 2 < CORE 3, and other parameters like pore volume (Vp), bulk volume (Vb), grain volume (Vg) also decreases in general. For grain density, the variation is small and insignificant, but for bulk density, CORE 2 records lower than CORE 3 by more than 1%. In the mineral composition analysis, the CORE 2 contains the highest identified mineral content, with the exception of quarts where it was higher in the CORE 3. Thus, a good flow crude characteristic, permeability trend and the net mineral concentrations identified in this reservoir would not affect the economic viability of the CEOR method and predicts the validation of the MOF as a potential field that could respond to CEOR method successfully. This paper is first of its kind to combine the two important oil field properties to scientifically predicts the evaluation of an oil field (MOF) as a step forward towards development of a novel chemical flooding agents for application in EOR. Hence, information obtained from this paper would help in the development of reliable chemical flooding agents and designing of EOR methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-361
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2018


  • Characterization
  • Enhanced oil recovery
  • sandstone reservoir
  • oil field

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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