Knowledge recontextualization by returnee entrepreneurs: The dynamic learning perspective

Yen Tran, Anh Tran Tram Truong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Effective knowledge recontextualization is key to successful knowledge transfer in cross-cultural context. This paper explores how returnee entrepreneurs in Vietnam learn to recontextualize their overseas knowledge while establishing new ventures back in their home country. Our dynamic learning process model suggests that (1) in the pre-founding phase, an interactive vicarious learning and intuitive learning mechanism enables returnees to make sense of overseas knowledge; (2) during the founding phase, blended learning mechanism – the balancing act between market response versus market imposing - helps returnees manage the paradoxical cross cultural tension, importantly (3) in the growth phase, the cycling between unlearning and relearning helps them discard, select and recreate new knowledge in the pursuit of sustainable entrepreneurial growth. The study advances the literature on knowledge recontextualization by clarifying key underpinning learning mechanisms essential for ensuring “effectiveness” outcomes. It also contributes to the work on returnee entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial learning by demonstrating how international entrepreneurs learn overtime to thrive in a conflicting cultural context.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100922
JournalJournal of International Management
Issue number3
Early online date11 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Blended learning
  • Entrepreneurial learning
  • Knowledge recontextualization
  • Relearning
  • Returnee entrepreneurship
  • Unlearning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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