Knowledge Graph Enhanced Contextualized Attention-Based Network for Responsible User-Specific Recommendation

Ehsan Elahi, Sajid Anwar, Babar Shah, Zahid Halim, Abrar Ullah, Imad Rida, Muhammad Waqas

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With the ever-increasing dataset size and data storage capacity, there is a strong need to build systems that can effectively utilize these vast datasets to extract valuable information. Large datasets often exhibit sparsity and pose cold start problems, necessitating the development of responsible recommender systems. Knowledge graphs have utility in responsibly representing information related to recommendation scenarios. However, many studies overlook explicitly encoding contextual information, which is crucial for reducing the bias of multi-layer propagation. Additionally, existing methods stack multiple layers to encode high-order neighbor information, while disregarding the relational information between items and entities. This oversight hampers their ability to capture the collaborative signal latent in user-item interactions. This is particularly important in health informatics, where knowledge graphs consist of various entities connected to items through different relations. Ignoring the relational information renders them insufficient for modeling user preferences. This work presents an end-to-end recommendation framework named Knowledge Graph Enhanced Contextualized Attention-Based Network (KGCAN). It explicitly encodes both relational and contextual information of entities to preserve the original entity information. Furthermore, a user-specific attention mechanism is employed to capture personalized recommendations. The proposed model is validated on three benchmark datasets through extensive experiments. The experimental results demonstrate that KGCAN outperforms existing KG-based recommendation models. Additionally, a case study from the healthcare domain is discussed, highlighting the importance of attention mechanisms and high-order connectivity in the responsible recommendation system for health informatics.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology
Early online date22 Jan 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Jan 2024


  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Theoretical Computer Science


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