Kinetics of the biodegradation of phenol in wastewaters from the chemical industry by covalently immobilized Trichosporon cutaneum cells

Lyubov Yotova, Irene Tzibranska, Filadia Tileva, G. H. Markx, Nelly Georgieva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple method for the preparation of the biocatalyst with whole cells is presented, and the applicability of the technique for biodegradation of phenol in wastewater from the chemical industries using the basidomycetes yeast Trichosporon cutaneum is explored. Kinetic studies of the influence of other compounds contained in wastewater as naphthalene, benzene, toluene and pyridine indicate that apart from oil fraction, which is removed, the phenol concentration is the only major factor limiting the growth of immobilized cells. Mathematical models are applied to describe the kinetic behavior of immobilized yeast cells. From the analysis of the experimental curves was shown that the obtained values for the apparent rate parameters vary depending on the substrate concentration (µmaxapp from 0.35 to 0.09 h-1 and K sapp from 0.037 to 0.4 g dm-3). The inhibitory effect of the phenol on the obtained yield coefficients was investigated too. It has been shown that covalent immobilization of T. cutaneum whole cells to plastic carrier beads is possible, and that cell viability and phenol degrading activity are maintained after the chemical modification of cell walls during the binding procedure. The results obtained indicate a possible future application of immobilized T. cutaneum for destroying phenol in industrial wastewaters. © 2008 Society for Industrial Microbiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-372
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Keywords

  • Biodegradation
  • Immobilized cells
  • Kinetic parameters
  • Phenol

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