Kinetic modeling of liquid-phase adsorption of reactive dyes on activated carbon

Xiaoyan Yang, Bushra Al-Duri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

325 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, adsorption equilibrium and kinetics of three reactive dyes from their single-component aqueous solutions onto activated carbon were studied in a batch reactor. Effects of the initial concentration and adsorbent particle size on adsorption rate were investigated Adsorption equilibrium data were then correlated with several well-known equilibrium isotherm models. The kinetic data were fitted using the pseudo-first-order equation, the pseudo-second-order equation, and the intraparticle diffusion model. The respective characteristic rate constants were presented. A new adsorption rate model based on the pseudo-first-order equation has been proposed to describe the experimental data over the whole adsorption process. The results show that the modified pseudo-first-order kinetic model generates the best agreement with the experimental data for the three single-component adsorption systems. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-34
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume287
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Equilibrium
  • Intraparticle diffusion model
  • Kinetics
  • Pseudo-first-order equation
  • Pseudo-second-order equation

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