Kinetic and kinematic analysis of stamping impacts during simulated rucking in rugby union

Bodil Y. Oudshoorn*, Heather F. Driscoll, Marcus Dunn, David James

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Laceration injuries account for up to 23% of injuries in rugby union. They are frequently caused by studded footwear as a result of a player stamping onto another player during the ruck. Little is known about the kinetics and kinematics of rugby stamping impacts; current test methods assessing laceration injury risk of stud designs therefore lack informed test parameters. In this study, twelve participants stamped on an anthropomorphic test device in a one-on-one simulated ruck setting. Velocity and inclination angle of the foot prior to impact was determined from high-speed video footage. Total stamping force and individual stud force were measured using pressure sensors. Mean foot inbound velocity was 4.3 m ∙ s−1 (range 2.1–6.3 m ∙ s−1). Mean peak total force was 1246 N and mean peak stud force was 214 N. The total mean effective mass during stamping was 6.6 kg (range: 1.6–13.5 kg) and stud effective mass was 1.2 kg (range: 0.5–2.9 kg). These results provide representative test parameters for mechanical test devices designed to assess laceration injury risk of studded footwear for rugby union.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)914-919
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2018


  • 3D analysis
  • footwear
  • impact
  • injury & prevention
  • kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Kinetic and kinematic analysis of stamping impacts during simulated rucking in rugby union'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this