Job insecurity and psychological distress during the COVID-19 outbreak: The moderating role of perceived supervisor support among hotel employees in Malaysia

Jeya Santhini Appannan, Logeswary Maheswaran, Nuraishah Raimee, Wan Leng Lim, Faridah Hanum Amran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Millions of employees were laid off during the COVID-19 pandemic. The hospitality industry has been gravely hit by this crisis.

Objective: Drawing from the theory of conservation of resources (COR), our study aims to examine possible factors that influence turnover intention among hotel employees. 

Methods: The hypotheses were tested on 141 hotel employees from Klang Valley, Malaysia. Data were collected by means of questionnaires, purposive sampling was employed, and PLS-SEM was used in performing the data analyses.

Results: Job insecurity and psychological distress were found to be the potent antecedent of turnover intention. In contrast, the role of perceived supervisor support did not significantly moderate the effects of both job insecurity and psychological distress on the quitting intention. 

Conclusion: Re-looking at existing policies and leadership styles may be fruitful in ensuring the sustainability path of an organization. This is pivotal in growing back the entire hospitality industry that has gravely affected by COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1135-1145
Number of pages11
JournalWork
Volume73
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Conservation of resources theory
  • COVID-19
  • hospitality industry
  • Malaysia
  • turnover intention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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