Isomers and conformers of H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers: Understanding the geometries and electronic structure of boron-nitrogen-hydrogen compounds as potential hydrogen storage materials

Jun Li, Shawn M. Kathmann, Gregory K. Schenter, Maciej Gutowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Boron-nitrogen-hydrogen (BNHx) materials are polar analogues of hydrocarbons with potential applications as media for hydrogen storage. As H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers result from dehydrogenation of NH3BH3 and NH4BH4 materials, understanding the geometries, stabilities, and electronic structure of these oligomers is essential for developing chemical methods of hydrogen release and regeneration of the BNHx-based hydrogen storage materials. In this work we have performed computational modeling on the H(NH2BH2)nH (n = 1-6) oligomers using density functional theory (DFT). We have investigated linear chain structures and the stabilizing effects of coiling, biradicalization, and branching through Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations and subsequent geometry optimizations. We find that the zigzag linear oligomers are unstable with respect to the coiled, square-wave chain, and branched structures, with the coiled structures being the most stable. Dihydrogen bonding in oligomers, where protic Hd+(N) hydrogens interact with hydridic H d-(B) hydrogens, plays a crucial role in stabilizing different isomers and conformers. The results are consistent with structures of products that are seen in experimental NMR studies of dehydrogenated ammonia borane. © 2007 American Chemical Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3294-3299
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume111
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007

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